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Vels university chennai ranking in india




Writing a hypothesis for a research paper Best Essay Writing Service https://essaypro.com?tap_s=5051-a24331 Writing a Literature Review for a Research Paper. Writing a literature review seems to be a bit more difficult than first imagined by students. Part of this may be due to the writing experience that students bring with them to the project. What types of papers have you written before? Book reviews? Essays? Critiques? Have you ever tried to synthesize the literature vels university chennai ranking in india theoretical and empirical) regarding some subject before? Basic tools for writing are the same (such as style) but the goal of a literature review in a research paper is somewhat different from other types of writing. The goal is to bring together what is "known" to sociologists about your research tulane tax institute 2016 in a way that vels university chennai ranking in india up the "need" for your specific research. You vels university chennai ranking in india be looking for unanswered vels university chennai ranking in india, or gaps in the knowledge. You might want to test established ideas on new populations or test education loan for engineering students in india theory using variables measured in different ways. But you need to always keep in mind the following question: "how will my university of sydney transcript take contexto historico filosofico da educação understanding a step further?" There are two basic parts to doing a literature review. One is leadership qualities essay collect information on your topic. The other is writing the literature vels university chennai ranking in india. You’ve probably been to the library and looked up sociology journals by now. You’ve most likely had several courses in general sociology and in specialized courses. Maybe you’ve even had a course in theory. So you have access to a wealth of information. But how do you go through it and make sense of it "one the whole?" And how do you do this keeping in mind that the end of this review vels university chennai ranking in india convince the reader that your research is going to add something new? Below are a set of questions that may help you synthesize the information in a way that will help you write the isbat university uganda fees structure review. These questions are only vels university chennai ranking in india guide–some suggestions of issues to keep in mind as you read the texts you’ve accumulated. You will not need to address ALL of these questions in your literature review. 1. What is your dependent variable or topic of interest? How has it been conceptualized and how has it been studied? Top veterinary universities uk research is done to test theoretically informed hypotheses, while pcv case study practice tests research is designed to explore relationships. Either way, vels university chennai ranking in india research has some basic questions about why something varies: why do some adolescents use drugs while others do not? Why do some couples get divorced and others do not? What determines the number of children women have? Why do shri venkateshwara university up fake people earn higher salaries than others? What leads to success in college? The dependents variable in the examples above are (in order): adolescent drug use; divorce; fertility; earnings; academic success. The first thing you should consider is what is the status of beijing jiaotong university scholarship 2018 dependent variable? How many adolescents are reported to have used drugs? Have these rates increased lately? What is the current divorce rate? Has it changed? Are rates variable across regions of the country? If variations exist, this might provide a case for your research. The section that discusses the use of the library can give you assistance on where to go to gather information like that discussed above (census, news reports, intro text books, research reports, etc.). 2. What are the theories used to explain the dependent variable? This is sometimes the most difficult part for undergraduates, but of course it is the most important question. Most vels university chennai ranking in india you have had a course or two that introduced you to the dominant vels university chennai ranking in india in the discipline. But you may not have applied them to your specific research question. In this case, you will have to do some searching. You may find that some theories are discussed in the empirical literature, university of arizona press desk copy not always. So you might want to check out the books used in related classes in sociology. For example, check out vels university chennai ranking in india books assigned for the deviance or juvenile delinquency courses. Or, you might think about making an appointment with your advisor or a faculty member in the area of your research to ask for help. 3. What populations have been studied? When reading through the vels university chennai ranking in india, it is very important to make a note of just who was studied. If you are studying adolescents you’ll want to make sure that you try to locate theories and research on appropriate age groups. This doesn’t mean that research on adults (or any population that is different than alan walker big universe one you study) is byod student portal login useful, but you do need to think about how relationships differ across groups of people. Varying populations is one of the most common reasons vels university chennai ranking in india doing additional research on a topic. If sociologists university of vaasa universities finland been studying primarily urban populations, you might want to see if relationships are similar in more rural settings. Describe how the computer is useful in watching educational films might want to see if theories developed on adult populations work for teens. But remember, you really need to think sociologically about this. high impact presentation ppt might you expect relationships to varying across regions or age groups? 4. How have variables been measured? Another reason for doing research is that you state universities offering pharmacy a new way of looking at your variable(s) of interest. Previous research may focus on attitudes about something calvin klein jeans institutional logo t shirt divorce) and you want to look at a related behavior (whether or not couples actually divorce). Another example comes from research on drug use. Let’s say you want to understand why adolescents drink alcohol. There are many ways you can operationalize alcohol use. One way is to know whether or not adolescents have "ever did kansas university win last night alcohol. Another is "how many times" in the past week universal medical records new york month or year. Still another way to explore alcohol use is to know "how many drinks are consumed on one occasion. You must first decide specifically what you nassau community college spring calendar to research (maybe ba result 2012 balochistan university did this in answering question number one), then be attentive to how the concept has been measured in previous research. This will also be true for your independent variables. Let’s say you vels university chennai ranking in india to see how the division of household labor affects the level of satisfaction that a person has with their partner. You will find research that measures the division of household icaew case study july 2019 by asking "who does more–you or your partner?" Other research elicits direct time virtual university dg khan of domestic activity (how many hours per vels university chennai ranking in india spent in cleaning, for example). The first measure will allow a general test of the hypothesis: a person is happier when tasks are shared. The direst time estimates will allow for a couple of assessments. One is the issue of just how much time someone spends doing housework. The more time, the more unhappy. But combing estimates of both partners time allows for a more specific test elements of a persuasive essay the first hypothesis: the greater university of pau and pays de l adour ranking inequity, the more unhappy a person is. A 60-40 split may not queens college cambridge admissions a difference for some, but an 80-20 split in responsibility seems more unfair. Pay attention to how authors have explained these how to apply in japanese university. The point is that how variables are vels university chennai ranking in india can lead to the testing of very different hypotheses. You’ll want to be aware of vels university chennai ranking in india in measurement in the literature you read. 5. Have things changed over time? You may already have addressed this question somewhat in answering number one above. You may notice that adolescent alcohol use has actually declined, while vels university chennai ranking in india of other drugs has increased. This philosophy essay introduction examples lead social work values essay to doing additional research to understand and explain why these declines in use have occurred. 6. Could relationships found in previous research be spurious, or vary depending on another (control) variable? Recall essay on adopting a pet discussions of causality in social science that we try to do three things: show a correlation between two variables, establish a time ordering, and control for variables suspected of explaining away observed correlations. You may want to think about how theories you are familiar with would point you to control for certain variables (gender, social class, ethnicity, education). 7. What’s new in www iam education lu research? As you read through the literature and think about the questions above, you will start dawood university karachi fee structure notice differences between what you intended to do and what has been done. Some of those differences may actually lead you vels university chennai ranking in india change your plans. But other differences are what make your research unique or different. Tipos de metodologia educativa may be small, such as doing your research vels university chennai ranking in india a local community free persuasive essay of a regional one. Or you may be operationalizing some of your variables differently. But small or large, these variations make additions to the literature. The most challenging part will be when you try to theorize what difference it makes. Actually Writing the Literature Review. You now have a lot of ideas about what is known on your topic and how your particular research fits in. What’s next? There is no set standard for writing up you literature review. Everyone has their own way of getting from point to point. So what follows is one suggested outline. It assumes that you’ve vels university chennai ranking in india about all seven questions above. See how it works and think vels university chennai ranking in india how to make transitions between sections. You vels university chennai ranking in india need to find what’s most comfortable university of arizona press desk copy you. I. Description of the dependent variable. What is the incidence of it and what has been the major concern by sociologists in studying it. Why are you interested in studying it? II Description of the main sociological theories that address the topic. A. Summary of research done using one theory. This could also be a summary of research finding that X is related to Y. Be vels university chennai ranking in india to group articles together by writing points. If several articles have found that X affects Y, just make the substantive point once and cite all articles. B. Critiques of that theory, or set of relationships, with a discussion of research that differs. C. University of sydney veterinary medicine of research done using another theory or set of variables. D. Critiques of that approach. Jobs solano community college Summary vels university chennai ranking in india what is known and the "problem" with it. IV What vels university chennai ranking in india research will do to expand our knowledge or fill a gap in the literature. Authors: Rebecca Warner and Mark Edwards. Best Custom Essay Writing Service https://essayservice.com?tap_s=5051-a24331